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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
帖子: 256

来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 05-09-09 星期六 10:45 am    发表主题: 引用并回复

然后有这部电影……

Picture:Click to zoom


The Day After Tomorrow
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Day_After_Tomorrow
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
帖子: 256

来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 05-09-09 星期六 10:47 am    发表主题: 引用并回复

《冰河世纪2》动画片
Picture:Click to zoom


Ice Age: The Meltdown
http://www.iceagemovie.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_Age:_The_Meltdown
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遙遠晨光



注册时间: 2007-03-22
帖子: 193

来自: 天涯的某處

帖子发表于: 05-09-09 星期六 12:51 pm    发表主题: 引用并回复

很多時候我看到這種圖片的反應就是「這是PS(合成)的啦!」

但這次,我先不論它是不是合成,看到就有一種很心酸的感覺……

保護地球,從我們自己做起!
_________________
不問收獲,只問耕耘。

在我心中的夢田枯萎之前,就為培育夢苗努力發奮!
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
帖子: 256

来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 05-09-09 星期六 1:16 pm    发表主题: 引用并回复

前美国副总统 Al Gore 退出政坛,摇身一变为环保专家,且还是2007年诺贝尔和平奖的得主之一……

Picture:Click to zoom


SPEECH BY AL GORE ON THE ACCEPTANCE OF THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE DECEMBER 10, 2007 OSLO, NORWAY
http://blog.algore.com/2007/12/nobel_prize_acceptance_speech.html
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
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来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 05-09-09 星期六 1:20 pm    发表主题: 引用并回复

第79届奥斯卡金像奖最佳纪录片:An Inconvenient Truth (2006)
这部纪录片由Davis Guggenheim执导、前美国副总统Al Gore主演。

Picture:Click to zoom


An Inconvenient Truth (2006)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Inconvenient_Truth
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
帖子: 256

来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 05-09-09 星期六 1:25 pm    发表主题: 引用并回复

不但有纪录片,著作也紧接着出版了……

An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It

Picture:Click to zoom

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Inconvenient_Truth:_The_Planetary_Emergency_of_Global_Warming_and_What_We_Can_Do_About_It
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
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来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 05-09-09 星期六 1:31 pm    发表主题: 引用并回复

Melissa Etheridge 演唱的主题曲 I Need To Wake Up 也同时获得最佳歌曲奖。

Songwriters: Etheridge, Melissa L

Have I been sleeping?
Ive been so still
Afraid of crumbling
Have I been careless?
Dismissing all the distant rumblings
Take me where I am supposed to be
To comprehend the things that I cant see

Cause I need to move
I need to wake up
I need to change
I need to shake up
I need to speak out
Somethings got to break up
Ive been asleep
And I need to wake up
Now

And as a child
I danced like it was 1999
My dreams were wild
The promise of this new world
Would be mine
Now I am throwing off the carelessness of youth
To listen to an inconvenient truth

That I need to move
I need to wake up
I need to change

I need to shake up
I need to speak out
Somethings got to break up
Ive been asleep
And I need to wake up
Now

I am not an island
I am not alone
I am my intentions
Trapped here in this flesh and bone

And I need to move
I need to wake up
I need to change
I need to shake up
I need to speak out
Somethings got to break up
Ive been asleep
And I need to wake up
Now

I want to change
I need to shake up
I need to speak out
Oh, Somethings got to break up
Ive been asleep
And I need to wake up
Now
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
帖子: 256

来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 05-09-09 星期六 1:33 pm    发表主题: 引用并回复

其实早在 1992年 Al Gore已开始撰写有关环保课题的书……

Picture:Click to zoom


Earth in the Balance (1992)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth_in_the_Balance
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卜布



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来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 23-09-09 星期三 8:46 am    发表主题: 引用并回复

儘速制訂新減排框架


聯合國氣候變化峰會於22日在紐約舉行,據悉歐盟等正推動在年底前制訂新減排框架。這一次的聯合國會議共有100多個國會與會,喊出“全球思考、在地行動”等動聽的口號,目的就是希望尋求各國具體減少二氧化碳排放,遏阻全球溫室效應的可行辦法。

近10年、特別是前總統布什主政時期,氣候變化綱要公約之所以未能產生具體效果,關鍵原因是美國帶頭抵制公約;美國只著眼於目前工業利益的短視行為,無疑在全世界各國中立下了一個極為惡劣的榜樣。過去布什政以“減排將影響美國經濟發展”為由,始終拒絕簽署,還似是而非指議定書是“不完整的科學結論”;由於美國帶頭反對,澳洲跟進,其他日本、加拿大立場也搖擺不定,即便歐盟聯手向美國施壓,布什反對的立場依然如故,最後勉強提出一份美國氣候變遷政策檢討報告敷衍過去。

但今年聯合國氣候變化峰會的客觀環境畢竟與過去有很大不同,奧巴馬政府上台後信誓旦旦要落實他的競選宣言,那就是對抗暖化,將2020年前的溫室氣體排放量控制在1990年的水平,希望所有國家都能朝這個目標努力;此外,澳洲總理陸克文也緊接著響應奧巴馬的號召,也提出具體減排計劃,日本鳩山政府也應允逐步減排25%。只要中國等發展中國家肯鬆口,各國要建立起一個具有強制性的規範與標準,化空幻的理想為實際的行動並非沒有可能。

首先,如何設定各國二氧化碳排放量缺乏一套標準,充滿爭議是必然的。就以聯合國氣候變化框架公約希望在2015年各國排放量抑制在1990年的水平來說,此一標準不僅籠統,也不符合國際經濟發展的現實。一來美國去年二氧化碳排放量仍高達17億公噸,較2005年增加5%,要減少至1990年的水平,需要克服重重困難,此外另8個工業先進國去年二氧化碳排放量只增未減;二來發展中國家必然以較大的排放量成長率為爭取目標,因為發展中國家的工業發展才剛起步,不可能就此停止發展。在世界各國利益不同,立場互異的現實下,要訂出一個絕對公平的標準,確是高難度。

其次,各國之間相互瞭解,彼此忍讓,特別是工業先進國以身作則,自我克制,便是會議成功的關鍵。美日澳歐盟必須承諾履行公約的規定,緊接著發展中國家可依發展程度的差異分類,首類發展程度稍高的國家與先進國一道在2015年將排放量減至1990年水平,第二類則延後5年達成排放目標,第3類發展中國家不僅再延後設定減排時間表,先進國更須給予經費援助,協助它們達致節能減排的目標。這樣做既照顧到發展中國家未來的需要,也不讓減排無限期的虛耗下去,最終成為口號。聯合國氣候變化峰會應朝此一建議的方向,作充份的討論。

再次,峰會也應就提高能源的使用效率,並開放可再生的能源,同時工業先進國應該提供充裕的技術與資金,協助發展中國家開發低污染、高效率的工業技術,包括民生用品、運輸工具在內,使發展中國家可以在不引起溫室效應的前提下,逐步趕上先進國的發展及生活水平。最後,各國也應訂定植樹目標,廣泛造林,吸收二氧化碳,緩和溫室效應。不要以為人定勝天,如果人類繼續貪婪的對地球資源予以無情的掠奪與破壞,總有一天必然會遭到大自然的反撲,後悔莫及。


星洲日報/社論‧2009.09.22
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
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来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 23-09-09 星期三 11:00 pm    发表主题: 引用并回复

UN Summit on Climate Change Discusses Measures to Help the Most Vulnerable and Emission Reduction Targets


22 September 2009: The UN Summit on Climate Change convened in New York, US, on 22 September 2009, bringing together approximately 100 Heads of State and government. At the close of the Summit, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon voiced optimism that negotiations for a new climate agreement are on the “right track,” but also warned that momentum must be maintained to ensure success in Copenhagen.

In his opening remarks at the Summit, Ban stressed that failure to reach broad agreement in Copenhagen would be “morally inexcusable, economically short-sighted and politically unwise.” In a summary of the talks among world leaders, Ban noted that there was convergence on five key issues, including enhanced measures to help the most vulnerable and poorest adapt to the impact of climate change, as well as setting emission reduction targets for industrialized countries. Heads of State and government also agreed on the importance of developing countries taking mitigation actions with necessary support; scaling up financial and technical resources; and setting up an equitable governance structure.

During the day-long event, leaders acknowledged the “scientific imperative” to curb emissions by at least 50 per cent below 1990 levels by 2050, with many referring to the importance of a 2-degree Celsius limit on global temperature rise . The event also featured eight interactive round table discussions that focused on transforming economies to enable sustainable, low-emissions growth. They consisted of 25 participants each and were co-chaired by 16 Heads of State from developed and developing countries.


http://climate-l.org/2009/09/23/un-summit-on-climate-change-discusses-measures-to-help-the-most-vulnerable-and-emission-reduction-targets/
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
帖子: 256

来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 24-09-09 星期四 12:09 am    发表主题: 引用并回复

中國成抗全球暖化先鋒

2009-09-23 20:06


中國國家主席胡錦濤在聯合國氣候變化峰會上宣佈抗暖化的4點計劃及目標,包括 加強節能減排、大力推動再生能源、發展綠色經濟和提高森林面積 ;胡錦濤提出這項自願減排計劃,使中國一舉成為對抗全球暖化的先鋒,與僅有口惠而沒有實際行動的美國形成強烈對比。

中方此次毅然提出抗暖化計劃與目標,很大程度上與國內環保的諸多缺失有關。最近數十年長江水患頻發不絕,數千萬畝地盡成澤國,死亡人數動輒數百以至數千,房屋、道路、橋樑毀壞之經濟損失更是難以計數;中國稱之為“水患大國”,可以當之無愧。

中國之所以水患頻仍,有其地理上的基本因素。由於中國西部是一片廣大的山區,長江、黃河、珠江等大河都從此處發源,而在另一方面,中國大陸人口稠密之處,卻又密布在沿江一帶盆地以及大河出海之沖積三角洲平原上;因此,一旦遭遇特大豪雨,大水宣泄不及,自必泛濫成災,而沿河盆地及下游三角洲人口稠密之區首當其沖,損失自然慘重。

因此客觀的說,中國過去平均每10年發生一次大水,有其天然地形的原因,實非人力所完全可以克服。不過,近年來中國水患發生的頻率急遽提高,幾乎已達沒有一年不發生水災的地步,追究水患頻率提高的原因,實與人為因素有重大關係。

水患問題與生態息息想關,而生態問題的關鍵環節在於森林。中國曾經是一個森林資源豐富的國家,在古代據說森林覆蓋率達50%,到了清初覆蓋率還有26%,但從18世紀開始,隨著人口增長與墾殖規模擴大,森林被大量砍伐,林地被墾為農田,到了上世紀40年代,中國就成為森林資源不足的國家。特別是日本軍在東北地區大肆掠奪木林、新中國建立後的“大躍進”,以及改革開放以來的經濟發展,都使中國森林資源大幅的減少。目前森林覆蓋率僅得13%。森林減少之後,其立即的後果是森林涵養水源的功能不再,一旦大雨來臨,森林不再吸納水量,大量雨水直下江河,造成江河水位暴漲,也造成水土大量流失。中國承諾落實2020年森林面積比2005年增加4000萬公頃的目標,森林蓄積量增加13億立方米,需要各方積極努力才能達致。

其次,人水爭地是中國水患的第二大成因。近百年來中國湖泊面積劇減,最重要的原因,便是農民的大肆圍墾,也就是“圍湖造田”,大幅度的損喪了湖泊調節水量的能力,洪患發生頻仍,真可說是其來有自。

此次胡錦濤聯大抗暖化的發言,至少傳達了兩個信息:一、中國已體認到環境資源嚴峻的事實;從而採取更為強力的環境保育措施。從人均而言,中國水土資源相當貧乏,政府不能不選擇重建中國森林生態系統的新戰略,加大森林建設的投入,並藉著進步的科技來實現林業生產的現代化,此外並建立穩定林業的管理體系,以及特別注重林業的科學與教育。

二、必須建立農業與生態相互結合的觀念,不能為了一時農地的增加與農業的增產,而放任伐林造田與圍湖造田等破壞生態的行為,須知生態在遭到破壞後,必將伺機反扑,其結果將導致農業的嚴重受創,一如歷次水患造成農田的淹沒。在推動“還田於湖”之餘,才能達到逐步減排的目的。

最後,有鑑於環境資源的貧乏與脆弱,中國經濟應採取資源節約型的發展路線,不可一味強調投入與產出的增加,而應更注重資源投入的經濟效益。


星洲日報/社論‧2009.09.23
http://opinions.sinchew-i.com/taxonomy/term/16
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
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来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 26-09-09 星期六 11:01 am    发表主题: 引用并回复

Need to seal deal on climate change

By CHOW HOW BAN

Saturday September 26, 2009


THE outcome of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will give a glimpse of what will be in store for the upcoming Copenhagen deal in December.

But, the ongoing negotiations on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by climate officials from 192 countries before they meet in the Danish capital is itself not going on smoothly.
UNFCCC executive secretary Yvo de Boer made it a point to attend the World Economic Forum’s Annual Meeting of the New Champions on Sept 10-12 in Dalian, Liaoning province, China, to impress on business and Chinese leaders the significance of sealing a deal on climate change.

The day before, the UN climate chief was in Japan to deliver a powerful speech at the Asahi World Environment Forum.
According to de Boer, the targets put forward by developed countries have not met the recommended range of between 25% and 40% reduction in greenhouse carbon emissions below 1990 levels.

The Japanese offered earlier this week to go from -8% to -20%, which nevertheless is significant, he said on the side lines of the Annual Meeting of the New Champions, otherwise known as the Summer Davos.

“We don’t have a final offer on the table yet from the US. Europe has indicated that it will do -20%, and might go to -30% if other countries make comparable efforts,” he added.
Negotiations are ongoing and would conclude in Copenhagen, but he would like to see the nett results end up within the range recommended in the Fourth Assessment Report on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

While the United States is feeling the pressure to show commitment after its failure to ratify the Kyoto Protocol (the predecessor international climate treaty that expires in 2012), developing nations such as China and India have offered no specific target, except pledges to develop new and renewable energy.

Since 2007, negotiations have been deadlocked due to disagreements over who should bear the brunt of responsibility for cutting carbon emission and who should pay for it.

Two more rounds of negotiations will take place in Bangkok (Sept 28-Oct 9) and Barcelona (Nov 2-6) in the run-up to the Copenhagen talks.

In view of the slow pace of negotiations, de Boer said it would be impossible to craft an international treaty comprehensive enough to replace the Kyoto Protocol.

“What Copenhagen has to achieve is basic political understanding on key cornerstones that will make it possible to then go on to draft a comprehensive agreement,” he explained.
“Among the cornerstones will be getting the commitment of the developed countries to lead the fight against climate change so that developing countries will follow suit, agreeing on stable financial support for developing nations to limit emission and coming up with a fund that does not reflect the post-war donor-recipient relationship.”

De Boer later joined in a CNBC debate, during which business leaders called for concrete results from the Copenhagen climate summit.

Panellist and Deutsche Bank Group vice-chairman Caio Koch-Weser said: “We need to see three things coming from Copenhagen or shortly after – a global cap-and-trade system that places demanding limits on carbon emissions by developed countries, low carbon growth in developing countries and an annual US$65bil to US$100bil (RM227.5bil to RM350bil) fund to help developing nations deal with climate change.”

SPX Corp chairman Christopher Kearney said two of the most promising ways the world can drive increased energy capacity while addressing climate change are increased investments in nuclear power and efficiency improvement in technology.

“Nuclear power is proven, safe and emits zero greenhouse gas while generating the kind of base load power advanced economies require,” he said.

“The Obama administration should expand its present US$18.5bil (RM64.75bil) loan guarantee programme for nuclear investments. China is rapidly building new nuclear capacity and the US, which has not built a new nuclear plant in 30 years, needs to do the same.”

The Climate Group Greater China director Wu Changhua said the private sector would be responsible for 85% of the investments in addressing climate change while all the governments could do was to give them the incentive to follow through.

“We should not have any problem with the technology to deal with climate change,” she told reporters after the debate.
“The key is how to manage the fund, which is to say how much money developed nations can put in to help the developing world reduce gas emissions.”

As for China’s role in Copenhagen, Wu said the nation was now less reliant on coal energy and had made tremendous developments in wind energy and geothermal heat pump technology, but the Chinese government should do more to develop nuclear energy.

Closing the Summer Davos, International Trade Union Confederation president Sharan Burrow said climate change solutions also meant an industrial revolution opportunity to improve employment rate around the world.

“This is an opportunity to grow jobs but it will require political will. There is a big deal in Copenhagen in terms of ambitious targets but, more importantly, climate financing that provides the necessary money for adaptation and mitigation for poorer countries,” she said.

“If we can provide India where 400 million people do not have electricity with a renewable energy option, think of the jobs we will create, and look at what we can do in Africa, Latin America and other places.”

Alcatel-Lucent CEO Ben Verwaayen said politicians and climate change decision makers must deal with global warming issues with consumers in mind.

“Politicians see people as citizens or voters while business leaders see these same people as consumers. Their voice is going in a clear direction, that we need to end all bickering and get things done both in Copenhagen and Doha (where the World Trade Organisation’s global trade talks have started but are yet to conclude),” he said.


http://thestar.com.my/columnists/story.asp?col=madeinchina&file=/2009/9/26/columnists/madeinchina/4784809&sec=Made%20In%20China
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
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来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 09-10-09 星期五 2:23 pm    发表主题: 引用并回复

Picture:Click to zoom

Picture:Click to zoom


The Mayan Prophecy of 2012
http://www.13moon.com/prophecy%20page.htm

Mayan End Times Prophecy 21-12-2012
http://www.adishakti.org/mayan_end_times_prophecy_12-21-2012.htm
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卜布



注册时间: 2009-08-31
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来自: 处处无家处处家

帖子发表于: 09-10-09 星期五 2:38 pm    发表主题: 引用并回复

2012


好萊塢有一部新片《2012》,預計10月全球上映,頗有未演先轟動的聲勢。

我在網上看了它的預告片:冰山快速融化,洪水淹沒陸地;地殼崩塌陷落,城市剩下一堆瓦礫;海嘯狂捲陸地,地球一片澤國。

這是世界末日的景象,時間就在2012年。

嘩!世界末日就在3年後,來得太快了吧!
有人計劃3年後娶妻生子,有人要在3年後升官發財,有人準備3年後改朝換代,有人3年後主辦奧運會……。

如果3年後地球毀滅,那甚麼都不用想,甚麼都不用做了。
為甚麼是在2012年?電影倒是引經據典。

根據美洲馬雅人的預言,地球的壽命共有5個太陽紀,而目前已經是第5個太陽紀。

第5太陽紀始於馬雅紀元3113年,歷經馬雅大週期5125年後,走向最終點。屆時,太陽將會消失,地球發生搖晃的大劇變,終至毀滅。

以現今西曆對照這個終結日子,就是在公元2012年12月22日。

無獨有偶,中國唐代預言《推背圖》第52象出現“乾坤再造在角亢”一句。“角亢”是傳統上的東方青龍七宿,寓指龍年(2012年);“乾坤再造”可以解釋是世界末日。

可能是巧合,也許是穿鑿附會,或是迷信。

不管怎樣, 美國太空總署(NASA)的衛星探測資料,今年夏天北極的海冰量只有4年前的一半

NASA氣候學家茲瓦利說,“以這種速度,到了2012年夏末,北冰洋將幾乎完全無冰”。

迷信與科學,只在一線之間。

其實,打出2012世界末日的小說和電影很多(年前也有一部《2012世界末日》的B級片)。不過,之前沒有這麼多的天災,所以,類似的預言和故事沒有引起世人擔心。

如今,舉凡地震、海嘯、颱風、沙塵暴、乾旱,不斷侵襲,彷如末日景象;連許多不在乎環保論的人們,也紛紛關注這些現象,為地球前景而開始鬱卒。

不管是3年,30年,或是300年,人類這麼消耗地球,好自為之。

相不相信2012之外,我個人的預言是:《2012》必定大賣。

星洲日報/馬荷加尼‧作者:鄭丁賢‧2009.10.05
http://opinions.sinchew-i.com/node/11803
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*小周



注册时间: 2009-07-24
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来自: 农林园

帖子发表于: 20-10-09 星期二 6:48 am    发表主题: 引用并回复

馬爾代夫•海底召開內閣會議•吁關注氣候暖化
http://www.faqing.org/forum/viewtopic.php?t=6883
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